There are two types of vaccines that dogs can receive, core vs. non-core vaccines. Just like in humans, vaccines are given to prevent and or minimize illnesses. In the case of your Emotional Support Animal, you should consider vaccines for them as well.
Illnesses that many vaccines can take care of are things like rabies, distemper, parvovirus, and many others. The frequency of each vaccine for your Emotional Support Animal, depends on their age mostly.
Another important thing to keep in mind while considering vaccination is a record keeping of all the vaccines you will give your animal. Puppies often need more vaccines than adult dogs, as their immune systems are only just beginning to develop and early vaccination can save them from a life of long struggles.
Core vaccines are the ones we will first focus on. Core vaccines are those that a wide general amount of dogs should get, these help prevent the widespread diseases that may be highly contagious and commonly found in public areas like dog parks.
Generally speaking, core vaccines provide a long term immunity and are recommended to be given yearly. Most vets recommend that core vaccines past a certain age can be given once every 3 years.
There are many things that core vaccines can treat, but the most concerning ones, especially if you’ve got an Emotional Support Dog to consider are:
- Distemper: this is a contagious and often fatal disease impacting the dog’s respiratory and central nervous system. This disease directly effects the gastrointestinal system and slowly deteriorates the life of the dog.
- Parvovirus: this virus is an illness that is similar to diarrhea in humans, the dog’s intestines are attacked, and cause vomiting and diarrhea, mostly impacting younger dogs, but is known to appear in older dogs as well. This disease is mostly transmitted through contact with other infected dog’s feces.
- Adenovirus: this disease quickly leads to the fatal liver disease.
- Rabies: This disease is extremely contagious and potentially fatal which causes inflammation of the brain and spread through the saliva or bite and can spread to humans.
Other vaccinations that are important to know about although are not recommended yearly, and only recommended on a individual basis are non-core vaccinations.
These are administered based on a dog’s risk assessment, which a veterinarian will take into consideration the many factors before recommending such vaccines. These non-core vaccines include:
- Lyme disease: spread by the bit of a tick, often recommended if your dog is known to play or be around wooded areas and is showing signs.
- Leptospirosis, a disease that is spread through bacteria.
- Canine cough which is also known as kennel cough. This is a respiratory disease and is spread through tightly contained areas becoming infected, like boarding facilities, cages, similar to the cold you might receive after traveling on a plane.
- Influenza or canine flu is also an illness that can be vaccinated for, that if infected could have fatal consequences.
Emotional support animals are important to protect once you’ve become certified, you should keep a meticulous record of your animals vaccines in order to keep a steady flow of information of your emotional support animal’s health.